Shyamji Krshan Varma
Shyamji Krishan Varma was one of those staunch nationalists and patriots, who served the cause of Bharat’s freedom from outside the country. He led an eventful life, largely in Europe during the most crucial period of Bharat’s struggle for freedom, helping revolutionaries and creating a nucleus for their activities.
He started the publication of a monthly ‘Indian Sociologist’ which became a vehicle of revolutionary ideas. In February 1905, he established the Indian Home Rule Society to raise his voice against British domination in Bharat. Having read Satyarth Prakash and other books of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Shyamji Krishna Varma was very much impressed with his philosophy, writings and spirit of Nationalism and had become one of his ardent admirers. It was upon Dayanand’s inspiration, he set up a base in England at India House to help Bharatiyas visiting England. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Lala Hardayal, Biren Chattopadhyaya and V.V.S. Iyer were some of the beneficiaries of ‘India House’. He raised strong protests against the British rule in Bharat by publishing pamphlets, writing books and delivering speeches. On account of his political activities, he was forced to leave England. He went to Paris, where he continued his activities supporting India’s liberation. In the wake of World War I, Shyamji moved his headquarters to Geneva in 1914 where he spent the rest of his life. He died in Geneva on 30th March, 1930.
News of his death was suppressed by the British government in India. Nevertheless tributes were paid to him by Sardar Bhagat Singh and his co-revolutionist brothers in Lahore Jail where they were undergoing a long-term drawn out trial. Maratha, a daily newspaper started by Shri Tilak in Marathi, paid very touching tribute to him as a great revolutionary.