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SC refuses to entertain plea against three new criminal laws

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New Delhi. Supreme Court on Monday refused to entertain a public interest litigation (PIL) petition challenging the validity of the three new criminal laws to replace the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and the Indian Evidence Act.

A Division Bench of Justices Bela M Trivedi and Pankaj Mithal made it clear that it would not allow such petitions since the new criminal laws are yet to come into force.

“Laws are not in force. How can you file such pleas drafted in a casual manner, Justice Mithal asked petitioner Vishal Tiwari.

Considering the Court’s disinclination to entertain the petition, Tiwari, who appeared as party-in-person, chose to withdraw it.

A similar petition was dismissed by a bench of CJI DY Chandrachud and Justice JB Pardiwala and Manoj Misra.

The Court had then questioned the petitioner’s locus and pointed out that the laws were not yet in force.

The three laws were first introduced in Lok Sabha on August 11, 2023, as Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, (to replace IPC) the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (to replace CrPC) and the Bharatiya Sakshya Sanhita (to replace the Indian Evidence Act).

They were passed by the Lok Sabha on December 20, 2023, before being passed by the Rajya Sabha the next day. President Droupadi Murmu gave assent on December 25 to the three new criminal justice bills.

Subsequently, on February 24, the Union Home Ministry issued a gazette notification announcing that the new laws will come into force from July 1 this year.

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